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History of BharatnatyamNrityaarpan title
The word 'Bharata' is believed to derive from three main components: Bha...Bhava meaning emotion; Ra...Raga, meaning melody; and Ta,,,.Tala, meaning rhythm. Historically performed in Hindu temples ,the dances are evolved from Hindu epics and mythology using the ancient Indian treatise Natya Shastra & Abinaya Darpanam written by the Sage Bharata around 400 BC which is a comprehensive work on the science and technique of Indian drama, dance and music.

Natya Shastra divides classical dance into three distinct divisions: nritta (pure dance), nritya (dance combined with expressions) and natya (drama). Bharatanatyam is characterized by strong rhythmic patterns, lyrical expressiveness and ethereal poses reminiscent of the carvings found on Hindu temples, particularly the Chidambaram Temple in the South. Dance is incomplete without the music, which is the South Indian classical form known as Carnatic music. It is characterized by variations of melodious raga and rhythmic tala.

Bharatanatyam is artistic yoga, because it requires pure dedication and is a vehicle for revealing the spiritual through the corporeal. The classical and ancient dance form Bharatnatyam, embodies music, dance, drama, poetry and mythology to create a complete and highly stylized artistic endeavor. The end result creates Rasa, which is the aesthetic emotion that ultimately touches the highest emotions of the audience.

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